GEN 2   Tables and codes

GEN 2.1  Measuring system, aircraft markings, holidays

1.   Units of Measurement

1.1  The units of measurement used in Albania are in accordance with the International System of Units (SI) as specified in ICAO Annex 5, Chapter 3.

Measurement of


Distance used in navigation, position reporting etc. - generally in excess of 2 or 3 nautical miles

Nautical miles and tenths

Relatively short distances such as those relating to aerodromes (e.g. runway lengths)


Altitudes, elevations and heights

Feet and Flight Levels

Horizontal speed including wind speed


Vertical speed

Feet per minute

Wind direction for landing and taking off

Degrees Magnetic

Wind direction except for landing and taking off

Degrees True

Visibility < 5000 metres (including RVR)


Visibility > 5000 metres


Distance from cloudMetres
Depth of runway depositCentimetres or millimetres

Altimeter setting



Degrees Celsius (Centigrade)


Metric tonnes or kilogrammes


Year, Month, Day, Hour and Minute, the day of 24 hours beginning at midnight Co-ordinated Universal Time

1.2  Where Annex 5 permits the use of non-SI alternative units these are shown in parentheses following the basic units.

2.   Horizontal reference system

2.1  Geographical coordinates indicating latitude and longitude are expressed in terms of the World Geodetic System – 1984 (WGS-84) geodetic reference datum.
2.2  Geographical coordinates that have been transformed into WGS-84 coordinates by mathematical means and whose accuracy of original field work does not meet the applicable requirements contained in PANS-AIM Appendix 1 shall be identified either with an annotation or by explicitly providing the actual accuracy value.
2.3  In aeronautical information products that are distributed on paper, the identification will be done with an asterisk (*) following the coordinate value concerned.

3.   Vertical reference system

3.1  Mean Sea Level (MSL) datum is used as the vertical reference system for international air navigation.
3.2  The Earth Gravitational Model - 1996 (EGM-96) is used as the global gravity model for international air navigation.

4.   Temporal reference system

4.1  The Gregorian calendar and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) are used as the temporal reference system for international air navigation.
4.2  Time periods published in AIS products are in Co-ordinated Universal Time (UTC) except where otherwise stated.
4.3  Daylight saving time is UTC plus 1 hour. The expression “summer period” indicates that part of the year in which “daylight saving time” is in force. The other part of the year is named the “winter period”. Times applicable during the “summer period” are given in brackets.
4.4  The “summer period” is introduced every year on the last Sunday in MAR at 01:00 UTC and ceases on the last Sunday in OCT at 01:00 UTC.

5.   Aircraft nationality and registration marks

5.1  The nationality mark for civil aircraft registered in Albania are the letters ZA. The nationality mark is followed by a hyphen and a registration mark consisting of 3 letters, e.g. ZA-ADE.

6.   Public holidays

6.1  The following dates are notified as public holidays.



New Year’s Day

1, 2 January

Summer Day

14 March

Nevruz Day

22 March

Catholic Easter

Catholic Easter Sunday

Orthodox Easter

Orthodox Easter Sunday

Labour Day

1 May

End of Ramadan

According to Muslim Calendar

Feast of Sacrifice

According to Muslim Calendar

Saint Teresa Santification Day

5 September

Independence Day

28 November

Liberation Day

29 November

National Youth Day8 December

Christmas Day

25 December

Note: Banks and public institutions are closed during Saturdays and Sundays, as well as on public holidays.